IJTA – Authors Instructions for preparing manuscript Manuscript should be presented in as concise a form as possible and prepared in double space on one side of the paper. Pages should be numbered consecutively, and the matter should be arranged in the following order: title; name(s) of author(s); department(s) and institution(s); abstract; introduction (no heading for it); materials and methods; results; discussion; acknowledgement; and references. Abstract, tables, and captions for figures should be typed on separate sheets.

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Title: The title should be such as to be useful in indexing and information retrieval.

Abstract: The abstract, usually not exceeding 200 words, should indicate the scope and significant content of the paper highlighting the principal findings and conclusions. It should be in such a form that abstracting periodicals could use it without modification.

Introduction: The introductory part should be brief and state precisely the aim of the study. Reviewing of the literature should not exceed what is necessary to indicate the reason for the research being undertaken and the essential background.

Materials and Methods: The nomenclature, source of material and procedures should be clearly stated to enable other workers to repeat the work if necessary. New methods should be described in sufficient detail, but if the methods are clearly well recognized, a mere reference to them will do; modification(s) if any, should, however, be given. For vertebrate animal experimental model, authors should follow ethics prepared relevant authorities.

Results: Only such data as are essential for understanding the discussion and main conclusions emerging from the study should be included. The data should be arranged in unified and coherent sequence so that the report develops clearly and logically. The data should be statistically analysed, and the level of significance should be given. The same data should not be presented both in tabular and graphic forms. Only such tables and figures as are necessary should be given. Interpretation of the data should be taken up under discussion; in some cases, however, it may be desirable to combine results and discussion in a single section.

Discussion: Long and rambling discussion should be scrupulously avoided. The discussion should deal with the interpretations of results without repeating information already presented under results. It should relate the new findings to the known and include logical deductions.

Acknowledgement: Acknowledgement should be brief and for specific assistance only, not for providing routine facilities etceteras.

How to cite correctly: We recommend authors use the following to generate references in Vancouver Style

CrossRef: http://crossref.org

Citethisforme:  http://citethisforme.com

References: References to literature should be numbered consecutively, following the same sequence in the text and the list appended at the end, and should be indicated in the text by numbers placed in parentheses [ ] , e.g. Transdermal drug delivery system of salbutamol sulphate [1-3].

For details visit: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html

Please refer to the following for examples for reference formats. These are excerpts from ICJME uniform requirements document.

Standard journal article Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.

As an option, if a journal carries continuous pagination throughout a volume (as many medical journals do) the month and issue number may be omitted.

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.

If there are more than six authors, list the first six authors followed by et al. (Note: The National Library of Medicine (NLM) now lists all authors.)

Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-

Optional addition of a database’s unique identifier for the citation:

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7. PubMed PMID: 12140307.

Forooghian F, Yeh S, Faia LJ, Nussenblatt RB. Uveitic foveal atrophy: clinical features and associations. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Feb;127(2):179-86. PubMed PMID: 19204236; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2653214.

Article published electronically ahead of the print version

Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov 15;100(10):3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5.

Books and Other Monographs

Personal author(s)

Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

Editor(s), compiler(s) as author

Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.

Book with Author(s) and editor(s)

Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

Book with Organization(s) as author

Advanced Life Support Group. Acute medical emergencies: the practical approach. London: BMJ Books; 2001. 454 p.

American Occupational Therapy Association, Ad Hoc Committee on Occupational Therapy Manpower. Occupational therapy manpower: a plan for progress. Rockville (MD): The Association; 1985 Apr. 84 p.

National Lawyer’s Guild AIDs Network (US); National Gay Rights Advocates (US). AIDS practice manual: a legal and educational guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco: The Network; 1988.

Chapter in a book

Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

Other Published Material

Newspaper article

Tynan T. Medical improvements lower homicide rate: study sees drop in assault rate. The Washington Post. 2002 Aug 12;Sect. A:2 (col. 4).

Audiovisual material

Chason KW, Sallustio S. Hospital preparedness for bioterrorism [videocassette]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing Medical Education; 2002.

Dictionary and similar references

Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary. 29th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2000. Filamin; p. 675.

Electronic Material


Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson’s electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

Journal article on the Internet

Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htmArticle

Monograph on the Internet

Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.

Homepage/Web site

Cancer-Pain.org [Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.


Holt M. The Health Care Blog [Internet]. San Francisco: Matthew Holt. 2003 Oct – [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from: http://www.thehealthcareblog.com/the_health_care_blog/.

KidneyNotes.com [Internet]. New York: KidneyNotes. c2006 – [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from: http://www.kidneynotes.com/.

Wall Street Journal. HEALTH BLOG: WSJ’s blog on health and the business of health [Internet]. Hensley S, editor. New York: Dow Jones & Company, Inc. c2007 – [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from: http://blogs.wsj.com/health/.

Tables: Tables should be typed on a separate sheet of paper without text matter on the page. They should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and should bear a brief title. Column headings should be brief. Units of measurement should be abbreviated and placed below the headings. Negative results should be indicated as ‘nil’ and absence of a datum by a dash. The inclusion of structural formulae inside the tables should be avoided. Illustrations: Three sets of illustrations are to be submitted. Illustrations must be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Captions and legends to the figures should be self-explanatory and should be typed on a separate sheet of paper and attached at the end of the manuscript. Line drawings should be made in Indian ink on white drawing paper (preferably Bristol board), cellophane sheet or tracing paper. For satisfactory reproduction the graphs and line drawings should be drawn to approximately twice the printed size. The size of letters, numbers, dots, lines, etc. should be sufficiently large to permit reduction to page size (178 mm) or the column size (85 mm) of the journal, without loss of detail. In case, of photographs, prints must be on glossy paper and must show good contrast. In case, of photomicrographs, magnification should either be mentioned directly on them using a bar or explained in the legend. If an illustration is taken from another publication, reference to the source should be given and prior permission secured. Illustrations should be protected by thick cardboard packing against damage during transit. Illustrations should be referred to in the text by numbers. Footnotes: Footnotes should be avoided as far as possible. Essential footnotes may, however, be indicated by superscribed asterisk mark (*). Structural Formulae: The number of structural formulae should be restricted to the bare minimum. Wherever the purpose is adequately served by giving chemical or common names, these should be given. Enzyme Nomenclature: For enzymes only the trivial names recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used. In some cases, where the enzyme is the main subject of a paper its code number and systematic name should also be stated at its first citation in the paper. Abbreviations: Standard International practices for abbreviations should be used in the text and illustrations without full stop mark.

PROOFS AND REPRINTS Galley proofs are generally not sent to authors to avoid delay. Authors should ensure that the data submitted for publication are error-free. The PDF file of the article can be accessed through our website.

We strictly comply with ICMJE Guidelines