Bablu Kumar Gaur, Sunita Koreti, G.Das
Impaired glucose tolerance and Serum ferritin level in transfusion-dependent Î²-thalassemic children was studied. Known case of beta Thalassemia major childrens being regularly transfused in Department of Pediatrics, Kamla Raja Hospital, Gwalior.
This study was done on 60 children between 3-17 years of age with Î² thalassemia major. Information regarding name, age, sex, height, body weight, age at the first blood transfusion, frequency of blood transfusion per year, age at the start of iron-chelation therapy, compliance with chelation therapy, H/O Diabetes mellitus and history of previous splenectomy was taken. For each patient glucose tolerance test was performed and S.ferritin levels were measured.
The prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance was 20%, the Serum ferritin was highly raised in all thalassaemic children, with highly statistical significant differences between normal and impaired GTT patients.(p.value<0.001) Mean serum ferritin was found to be 2089 Â± 690 Î¼g/l in patients with normal GTT while it was 4100 Â± 518 Î¼g/l in Impaired GTT. Significant variation was found (p value<0.05) in children with impaired glucose tolerance compared to normal glucose tolerance with respect to age, age of first blood transfusion, age of starting chelation therapy. Patients with impaired glucose tolerance had a mean transfusions of 137.58Â±20.15 times while those with normal glucose tolerance had 58.85Â±39.80 times of transfusions (p.value<0.001).
Most of patients with impaired glucose tolerance in present study had received more then 100 blood transfusion and serum ferritin level >3000Î¼g/L with mean age of 13.0 years indicating that abnormal glucose homeostasis begin after 10 year of age.
Keywords: beta-Thalassemia major, impaired glucose tolerance, Serum ferritin,chelation therapy.